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FOUCHE Joseph - Letter Signed 1805 ordering surveillance

  • £450.00

Joseph FOUCHE, Duke of Otranto (1759-1820)

Letter Signed (“fouche”) to the Minister of War [Marshal Berthier] regarding the surveillance of former General Rigaud in Tours.

1 page folio in French with an attractive vignette of the Ministry of Police, Paris, 2 frimaire an 14 [23 November 1805].                              

Trans: “I have received, Sir, the letter which you sent me on 16 Brumaire last, regarding the former General Rigaud, coloured man, under surveillance at Tours. His Excellency the Minister of the Navy [Decrès] had already passed on to me the information contained in your letter, and the Councillor of State in charge of the first arrondissement for the Police was to have arranged for special surveillance on the part of the civil authorities on M. Rigaud.

General André Rigaud, son of a white father and black mother, had travelled to Santo Domingo with General Leclerc [husband of Napoleon’s sister Pauline] on an expedition against Rigaud’s old rival, Toussaint L’Ouverture. Always uneasy with his parentage and of a volatile temperament, Rigaud had earlier proved a brilliant soldier, but a poor politician. The expedition failed and upon his return to France, Rigaud was briefly held prisoner. As we can see here, even after his release, he was kept under close surveillance by the police.

An attractive and interesting letter, in excellent condition.


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