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NEWCASTLE Sir Thomas Pelham-Holles Duke of - Document Signed 1719

  • £425.00

Sir Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of NEWCASTLE (1693-1768)

Document Signed (“Holles Newcastle”), and the other Lords Justices, “W. Cant.” [William Wake, Archbishop of Canterbury], “Parker C.” [the Lord Chancellor, George Parker, later Earl of Macclesfield], “Kingston P.”, [Evelyn Pierrepont, Duke of Kingston upon Hull, Lord Privy Seal], “Kent, C.P.S.” [Henry Grey, Duke of Kent, Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal], “Roxburghe” [John Ker, Duke of Roxburghe] and “J. Craggs” [James Craggs the elder, later implicated in the South Sea Bubble scandal], a warrant for paying Captain Clealand 2/6 per day out of the half pay of Major Bucknall.

3 pages folio, the Cock Pitt [the Treasury offices, London], 28 May 1719.               

The Lords Justices were evidently called upon to decide a relatively minor dispute. Captain Clealand had “upon a Misunderstanding that happened between his Colonel and him in the Year 1709 he was first suspended, and afterwards without Tryal Superceeded . . . Major Edward Bucknall who succeeded him was to pay him Two Hundred Pounds as a Consideration for his Commission . . . and altho’ Major Bucknel . . . is now upon the Half Pay of that Regiment is not yet payd.” The justices ruled that half of Major Bucknell’s pay should go to Captain Clealand until he has paid Clealand the two hundred pounds with interest.

Some slight discolouration at the fold on the last page and minor tears at the folds have been repaired under our direction. The document is otherwise in very good condition.

The “Lords Justices” of this document were not lawyers, as would usually be implied by this term. In 1719 George I paid an extended visit to Hanover, and on his departure appointed thirteen “Lords Justices”, chosen from the leading political figures of the time, to exercise power in his absence. The Duke of Newcastle although only twenty-five, was already influential because of his vast landholdings, which enabled him to control several constituencies.


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