MASSENA André - Letter Signed to Citizen Bonaparte February 1800
André MASSENA, Duc de Rivoli and Prince d’Essling (1758-1817)
Letter Signed (“Massena”) to Citizen Bonaparte [Napoleon’s brother Lucien], requesting the reinstatement of Citizen Pagani, Consul for Liguria at Marseille.
1½ pages 4to in French on letterhead with an an attractive vignette of the Republican figure of war, Genoa, 22 Pluviose an 8 [11 February 1800].
A letter written the day Massena was named General in Chief of the Army of Italy.
Trans: “I have the honour to inform you, Citizen Minister, that I have made the official request to the provisional government commission of Genoa to reinstate Citizen Pagani as Consul for Liguria at Marseille. This estimable citizen was removed from his position through the work of a despicable cabal. He fulfilled his obligations at all times and gave service to the French; during my recent stay in Marseille, he worked zealously to procure, at my request, grain for the needs of the army, charged to the account and on transport of Genoa; I valued this service, and I seize this opportunity of recognising it by seeing justice done to he to whom we owe it.”
Massena arrived in Genoa in February 1800. By April, short of reinforcements, he was besieged by a vastly superior Austrian force and blockaded by the British. Sadly, the supplies found by Citizen Pagani proved far from sufficient. With too little food – it was said that the soldiers were advised to chew on their boots and all animals, including rats, were considered nourishment – Massena held out heroically until 4 June, when he surrendered with full honours. He had, however, diverted the attention of a significant portion of the Austrian forces, giving Napoleon an important advantage when he was able to defeat the Austrians at Marengo.
Interestingly, an error appears to have crept into the address, which is to “Citizen Bonaparte, Minister of External Relations”. In fact, Lucien Bonaparte was, at the time, Minister for Internal Relations, while the post of external relations, i.e., Foreign Minister, was held by Talleyrand.
Autographs can be delivered worldwide. Delivery costs are calculated at the time of order and items will be sent by the most appropriate means, depending on your location and the value of the item. This will usually be by Royal Mail Special Delivery within the UK and Royal Mail Tracked outside the UK.
The current delivery charges are:
Royal Mail Special Delivery £8.50
Europe Royal Mail Tracked £15.00
Royal Mail Tracked £21.00
Rest of the World:
Rest of the World Tracked £18.00
Customers should be aware that all letters and documents over 50 years old require an export licence, which may delay delivery by anything from one to three weeks. Signed photographs are not subject to export licence regulations, and can be sent immediately.
There is no charge for the export licence and I will take care of the application, the only inconvenience to you will be the delay.
The authenticity of the letters and documents offered is guaranteed.
Online sales orders
Payments made via the website are processed by Shopify Inc and can be made using Visa, Mastercard or American Express.
Telephone sales orders
Items may be purchased by phone. Please contact me using the website Contact Form and I will call you within 48 hours to discuss your requirements. Payment for purchases ordered by phone can be paid upon receipt of the invoice and must be paid within 7 days. Phone orders can be paid by cheque (in pounds sterling only) or bank transfer.
Items will be reserved for one week following the order confirmation and will be dispatched either within 7 days after full payment has been received, or after any required export licenses have been granted.
Should you be in any way dissatisfied with your purchase, items may be returned within six weeks of delivery and a full refund will be made upon receipt of the returned item. The item must be received by Richmond Autographs in the same condition as when dispatched. For full details, please read our Terms and Conditions.
We Also Recommend